F.I.A. FEDERATION INTERNATIONALE AUTOMOBILES
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The Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, commonly referred to as the FIA, claims to be a non-profit association established on June 20, 1904 to represent the interest of motoring organisations and private motor car users.
It was founded as the Association Internationale des Automobile Clubs Reconnus (AIACR), which describes its structure as an international organisation of national clubs. Headquartered at 8, Place de la Concorde, Paris, France. At this time the FIA consists of 207 national member organisations in 122 countries worldwide at time of going to press. Its current president is Max Mosley. You may wish to use the links on this page to obtain up to date information.
Nelson says: "Organisations purporting to represent
any sport should be sporting and accountable!"
This article is derived from other articles on the internet and published in accordance with US fair use guidance and Article 10 of the European Convention of Human Rights. We have no connection with or any other affiliation to the FIA, the UIM, FIFA, FAI, or any other sport governing body, although some records reviewed on this and other sites may be recorded with one or other of these organisations, or the Guinness Book of Records.
For the general public, the FIA is mostly known as the governing body for motor racing events. In 1922, the FIA delegated the organisation of automobile racing to the CSI (Commission Sportive Internationale), an autonomous committee that later became the FISA (Fédération Internationale du Sport Automobile). A restructuring of the FIA in 1993 lead to the disappearance of the FISA, putting motor racing under direct management of the FIA.
As is the case with soccer's FIFA, the FIA is generally known by its French name and acronym, even in English-speaking countries, but is occasionally rendered as International Automobile Federation.
Structure of the FIA
At first glance the FIA comprises a bewildering number of departments and personnel all of which must be paid for. Hence, although stated as a not for profit concern, it would seem reasonable to assume that large sums of money change hands when doing deals with other so-called sporting event organizers, the motivation for which is profit.
In 1950, the FIA organised the first World Championship for race car drivers in racing events, known today as Formula One. Since, Bernie Ecclestone is advertised as the boss of Formula One, it is not clear what part the FIA played or their contribution.
In 1955, the FIA created the World Endurance Championship, the first points series for sports car racing in the world. This championship only had scoring for manufacturers until 1981. From 1982, with the new Group C prototype regulations, a drivers championship was added. In 1973, the FIA organised the first World Rally Championship. The Rallye Automobile Monte Carlo became the first ever FIA World Rally Championship event.
Clearly, to be able to sustain its present staffing levels and offices, it is in the interest of the FIA to protect deals with other sporting associations, although such practices may be incompatible with the integrity of the organisation.
The FIA currently regulates the following events:
FIA Formula One World Championship
FIA World Rally Championship
FIA World Touring Car Championship
FIA GP2 (formerly Formula 3000) Int. Championship
FIA GT Championship
CIK-FIA Karting World Championship
FIA European Touring Car Championship
FIA European Truck Racing Cup
FIA Cross-Country Rally World Cup
FIA European Drag Racing Championship
FIA European Autocross Championship
FIA European Rallycross Championship
FIA Alternative Energies Cup
FIA European Hill Climb Championship
FIA International Hill Climb Challenge
FIA European Hill Climb Cup
FIA Historic Racing Championships
FIA Historic Rally Championship
FIA Historic Regularity Runs
FIA Historic Hill Climb Championship
FIA European Rally Cups
FIA Middle-East Rally Championship
FIA African Rally Championship
FIA Asia-Pacific Rally Championship
FIA European Rally Championship
A1 Grand Prix
Does the FIA have an association have a hidden agenda as the governing motor sport? It appears from the BBC article below that certain officials may be intertwined with other sporting interests. In particular, we received a similar letter to that seen below from a company known to be associated with Bernie Ecclestone. We were going about our business providing free information to the public, contacts and articles of general interest, when out of the blue poured threatening correspondence like this:-
Letter from the FIA dated 15 May 2006
It must be obvious to anyone that our site is not connected with any other sporting or other official body, since we are not involved in motor sport and offer no services requiring authorisation. Nor do we claim affiliation. If that were to be the case, then in light of the number of topics covered, we would need to be a very large entity indeed. Whereas, we believe a number of organisations go a little too far in seeking to prevent honest competition in seeking to secure exclusive rights and bring about a monopoly situation. This is of course extremely unsporting behaviour and anti competitive activity, which copyright law is not designed for.
Whereas, major sports such as motor racing and football are organised by money hungry individuals, the evidence for which is the wealth amassed by those in positions of control. Should sport be controlled in this fashion? This is a question often asked by the public. Should sporting bodies be allowed to enjoy a monopoly position, by virtue of their not for profit status, where companies would be subjected to regulation from the Monopolies Commissions?
With respect to the above letter, it appears that the FIA are seeking to prevent Max Energy Limited providing information about their organisation (the FIA) to the general public. One reason for this is that the Internet is a level playing field, a competitive situation many large organisations are not familiar with. Using the Internet, a small concern, even an individual, can compete against the largest of companies and even governments, publication wise, provided the smaller concern observes the rules. Our advice to anyone confronted with this situation is don't be intimidated. There are Anti-Trust and Anti-Monopoly laws which uphold your right to publish, investigate and expose potential Cartels. Stick to the facts and if necessary make formal complaint to the authorities. Copyright law does not protect Cartels, etc.
The following article by the BBC
For those of you interested in learning more of the politics and rules governing the FIA, their Statutes are a logical place to begin research:-
MAX MOSLEY - PRESIDENT of the FIA
Max Rufus Mosley (born 1940, London, England) is currently serving his fourth term as president of the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile.
Mosley is the second son of the British fascist leader Sir Oswald Mosley and Diana Mitford. He attended Christ Church, Oxford, graduating with a degree in physics in 1961. During his time at Oxford he was Secretary of the Oxford Union. He studied law at Gray's Inn in London and qualified as a barrister in 1964. He raced in club events in the UK during 1966 and 1967 followed by Formula Two for the London Racing Team and with Frank Williams's Formula Two team in 1968. He retired from driving in 1969 and went into racing car production as one of the founders of March. He met with some success in Formula One, March finishing third in the Constructors' Championship in 1970 and 1971, with Ronnie Peterson second in the drivers' World Championship in 1971 and great success in the profitable business of selling Formula Two and other types of customer cars.
Max Mosley - President FIA 4th term
In the early 1970s he became involved with FOCA, the Formula One Constructors Association, a union of teams created to defend the teams' rights and maintain their collective control of the sport. At the end of 1977 Mosley officially withdrew from constructing and became legal advisor to FOCA. He was later elected as president of the FISA (Fédération Internationale du Sport Automobile, a committee of the FIA. A later restructuring of the FIA led to the demise of FISA and Mosley was elected president of the FIA.
At the time Bernie Ecclestone was the president of FOCA and Jean Marie Balestre president of FISA. The two clashed repeatedly over various regulation and financial issues, fighting for control of the sport. Mosley helped resolve this debate by drawing up the Concorde Agreement, giving FISA control of the rules and FOCA control of promotion and television rights.
Shortly thereafter Mosley disappeared entirely from Formula One for three years, but returned in 1986 to become president of the FISA Manufacturers' Commission and establish the Simtek Research construction team. He sold his share of Simtek in 1991 when he was elected president of the FIA, deposing Jean Marie Balestre by 43 votes to 29. He resigned a year later, stating that he would rather be elected on his own merits than the mistakes of his predecessor; the FIA immediately re-elected him for a four-year term. He was elected to his second term in October 1997, his third in 2001 and fourth in 2005.
Mosley's supporters point out that all the rule changes have had the support of the Formula One teams as required by the Concorde Agreement. Concerning Indianapolis, Mosley has said that the FIA had no choice but to run the race with six cars because the Michelin teams would not discuss any solution except a chicane which would have meant racing on a circuit which had not been properly approved. This would have put everyone in an impossible position in law in the event of an accident.
In June 2004 Mosley announced that he would step down from his position in October of that year. However, in July 2004 he rescinded his decision after the FIA Senate called for him to stay on. His term expires in October 2009 although speculation remains that he will step down before that.
Mosley and Bernie Ecclestone retain almost complete authority over Formula One racing; amongst other events, the FIA currently regulates the Formula One World Championship, the World Rally Championship, and the GT Championship.
Mosley for a time was interested in becoming a Conservative MP, as with his father, switched his allegiance to the Labour Party after meeting its then leader, John Smith, in 1994.
Fans have criticized Mosley for many of his rule changes and blamed him for situations such as that surrounding the 2005 United States Grand Prix
FIA GENERAL ASSEMBLY
The FIA General Assembly is the supreme governing body of the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. It consists of the presidents of each of the FIA's member clubs and national organizations. Its one scheduled annual meeting is entitled the "Ordinary General Assembly"; in addition, the Assembly or the FIA President may call an "Extraordinary General Assembly" if necessary.
According to Wikipedia, the General Assembly's responsibilities in the administration of the FIA are:
FI INDEPENDENT DATA Q&A
What is the Federation Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) and why was it created?
How is the World Champion title awarded?
How many Grands Prix are held every year?
Is the Grand prix timetable always the same?
Can any circuit host a Grand Prix?
What is meant by the "constructor" of a Formula One car?
What criteria must a car constructor meet to be able to participate?
Does each constructor have to compete throughout the season?
Can any driver compete in a Grand Prix?
Are the teams allowed to change driver during the season?
Do Formula One cars have better brakes than series produced cars?
Is a special type of fuel used in Formula One?
How many tyres are permitted per car at each grand prix?
How is the type of rubber selected?
Are the cars checked during the event?
How are the fuel checks carried out?
Are such things as ABS brakes, stability control or four wheel steering allowed in Formula One?
But these are commonplace on road cars?
How can the FIA check? How can prohibited electronic functions be detected?
What role does the technical delegate play?
Who are the stewards and what are their powers?
What types of sanctions may be imposed?
Are the stewards decisions final?
What is the International court of appeal?
What are the duties of the Clerk of the Course and the Race Director?
How are false starts detected?
What happens if a driver stalls on the starting grid?
What procedure is followed if more than one driver is unable to start of the formation lap?
Are there special starting procedures in the event of rain?
What procedures apply when the race is stopped?
Is the race stopped in case of rain?
What is the safety car procedure?
Do the laps covered behind the safety car count?
May a car stop at its pit whilst the safety car is on the track?
Is refuelling allowed during the race?
In what conditions are the cars weighed?
Does the chequered flag always signal the finish?
Is private testing on circuits permitted?
ABOUT THE FIA AS THE GOVERNING BODY OF MOTOR SPORT WORLD WIDE
FIA POSTAL ADDRESS
Place de la Concorde
UNRELATED FIA ACRONYMS
VEHICLE HISTORY A - Z
REFERENCES and LINKS:
A diagram of the structure of the FIA
Article 8 and Article 9 of the FIA Statutes, General Assembly's operation and responsibilities
Article 10, which details its agenda
Article 11, which details its voting procedures
The main men in F1. BBC Sport (11 October 2004).
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