HIGHLAND ZEV CARS

Electric city cars and tricycles at affordable prices

 

 

The Achilles heel of electric cars is range and price. Everybody wants one, especially those who live in congested cities. The very latest car with a respectable city range and very fast charge time is the Kity 301, seen below in white.

 

 

 

The Kity 301 is a two seat, two door hatchback that could retail around the 7,500 mark with car tax, to make it one of the most economical to buy city cars in the UK. The range is likely to be 50-60 miles on a single charge at city speeds, with fast charging in around 20 minutes and a top speed more than enough to cope with fast moving city traffic.

 

 

KITY 301 CITY CAR  -  SPECIFICATIONS

 

Model

Kity 301

Class

Mini Car

LWH (mm)

2765x1540x1555mm

Body Structure

 3 Doors and 2 Seats

Weight (Kg)

670

Wheel base (mm)

1765

Charging time

6 hours (normal) 20 minutes fast charging

Maximum Speed

80-120km/h or 50-75 mph

Maximum Climbing Grade

 20

Range @ steady 25km/h (15mph)

160Km or 100 miles

Battery storage

Lithium battery with (BMS) battery management system

Charging Voltage

220V

Motor type

Permanent magnet brushless DC motors 

Available with: Air-conditioning, GPRS, Blue tooth, MIC, USB and AUX interface, Remote control key.

 

If you might be interested in a Kity, please email: ace@speedace.info and a representative will get back to you with answers to any question that you may have.

 

 

HOME CHARGING POINTS & FAST CHARGE

 

You may be able to get a home charging outlet fitted free of charge, subject to conditions.

 

 

 

 

Two alternative Highland designs that we are looking to review, once the specification is correct for the UK and other European markets.

 

 

GOVERNMENT INCENTIVES

 

There may be Goverment backed incentive schemes to help offset the cost of replacing your existing petrol or diesel car.

 

 

CITY EV CARS  -  COMPARISON CHART @ WIKIPEDIA

 

Model

Top speed

Capacity
(Adults)

Charging time

Nominal range

Market release date

-

-

-

-

-

-

Kewet Buddy

80 km/h (50 mph)

68 hours.

4080 km (2550 mi)

January 2010

Citron C1 ev'ie

97 km/h (60 mph)

4

67 hours

100 to 110 km (60 to 70 mi)

30 April 2009 UK only

CityEl

63 km/h (39 mph)

1

8 hours (complete recharge)

8090 km (5056 mi)

First manufactured in Denmark 1987 under the name of "Mini-el" until 1992.
New production started in 1995 by a German company.

Mia electric

100 km/h (62 mph)

1 to 4 adults

3 to 5 hours when charged from household

125 km (78 mi)

Available in Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Germany, Italy, France, United Kingdom, Norway, Czech Republic, South Africa, Mexico

MyCar

64 km/h (40 mph)

2

5 to 8 hrs

64110 km (4068 mi)

 

NICE Mega City

64 km/h (40 mph)

4

8 hours.

96 km (60 mi)

October 2006.

QBeak

90 km/h (56 mph)

4 adults

8 hrs

250 km (155 mi)

Available in Denmark for now.

Stevens Zecar

90 km/h (56 mph)

68 hours.

80 km (50 mi)

March 2008.

 

 

 

HIGHWAY CAPABLE EVs @ WIKIPEDIA

 

Model

Top speed

Acceleration

Capacity
adults+kids

Charging time

Nominal range

Market release date

BEV Electron

110 km/h (68 mph)

0100 km/h (62 mph) in 7 seconds

5 adults

9 hrs with onboard charger

1.5 hrs with external charger

120 km (75 mi)

Available in Australia only.

BMW i3

150 km/h (93 mph)

0100 km/h (62 mph) in less than 8 seconds

4 adults

4h with the 240-volt charging unit or less than 30 minutes at public DC charging stations (when charging from 0 to 80%)

130 to 160 km (81 to 99 mi)

Released in Europe in 2013.
A gasoline-powered range extender option is available to increased range to 240 to 300 km (150 to 190 mi)

BMW Brilliance Zinoro 1E

130 km/h (81 mph)

150 km (93 mi) 

Released in China in early 2014.

BYD e6

140 km/h (87 mph)

0100 km/h (62 mph) in < 8 seconds

5 adults

300 km (186 mi)

Field testing as taxi fleet began in Shenzhen, China in May 2010.

Chery QQ3 EV

Launched in China in March 2010

Chevrolet Spark EV

132 km (82 mi)

The first all-electric car from General Motors after the GM EV1. It was released in limited quantities in the U.S. in selected markets in California and Oregon in June 2013.

Citron C-Zero

130 km/h (81 mph)

0100 km/h (62 mph) in 15.9 seconds.

4 adults

7 hours when charged from household; 30 minutes when charging from a quick charger system

150 km (93 mi)

Available in Europe.

Fiat 500e

88 mph (142 km/h)

0-60 mph (97 km/h) in 8.5 seconds.

87 mi (140 km)

Available in California only

Ford Focus Electric

135 km/h (84 mph)

097 km/h (60 mph) in 10.2 seconds.

5 adults

18 to 20 hours when charged from 120v outlet; 3 to 4 hours when charged from 240V outlet.

122 km (76 mi)

Available in the U.S. since December 2011; available in Europe since August 2013.

Honda Fit EV

148 km/h (92 mph)

0-97 km/h (60 mph) in 9.5 seconds.

132 km (82 mi)

JAC J3 EV

Launched in China in 2010

Kia Soul EV

150 km (93 mi) EPA,
130 to 190 km (81 to 118 mi) Kia

2014

Lightning GT

200 km/h (124 mph)

0100 km/h (62 mph) in < 5 seconds.

2 adults

under an hour

240 km (149 mi)

2013

Mia electric

100 km/h (62 mph)

1 to 4 adults

3 to 5 hours when charged from household

125 km (78 mi)

Available in Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Germany, Italy, France, United Kingdom, Norway, Czech Republic, South Africa, Mexico

Mitsubishi i-MiEV

130 km/h (81 mph)

4 adults

7 to 14 hours when charged from household, depending on the type of power; 30 minutes when charging from a quick charger system (80% charged)

170 km (106 mi)

Released in Japan in July 2009 for fleet customers. Available in Japan, Hong Kong, Australia, Europe, the U.S., Canada and some Latin American countries. As of July 2014, global sales reached 32,000 units, including the rebadged variants Peugeot iOn and Citron C-Zero sold in Europe.

Morgan Plus E

185 km/h (115 mph)

0100 km/h (62 mph) in 6 seconds.

2 adults

Nissan Leaf

150 km/h (93 mph)

5 adults

up to 20 hours when charged from 110/120v outlet; 8 hours when charging from 220/240 volt outlet; 30 minutes for 440v "quick charge" (to 80% of battery capacity)

EPA rating 117 km (73 mi); 2013 model: 121 km (75 mi) EPA / 200 km (120 mi) NEDC

Released in the U.S. and Japan in December 2010, is available in 35 countries. The Leaf is the top selling electric car ever, with global sales of 125,000 units by July 2014.

Renault Fluence ZE

135 km/h (84 mph), electronically limited

5 adults

battery swap in 5 minutes

135 km (84 mi) + 15 km limp home mode

Released in France in 2010, Israel in Jan 2012, UK in Jan 2012, Turkey in May 2012.

Renault Zoe

135 km/h (84 mph), electronically limited

0100 km/h (62 mph), in 13.5 seconds

5 adults

six to nine hours with 3.7 kW, 30 minutes with 43 kW (80 %)

210 km (130 mi)

Released in France in December 2012

Smart electric drive second gen

Released in 2013

Tesla Model S

P85 kWh
214 km/h (133 mph)

85 kWh
201 km/h (125 mph)
60 kWh
193 km/h (120 mph)

P85 kWh

097 km/h (60 mph) in 4.2 seconds

85 kWh
097 km/h (60 mph) in 5.6 seconds
60 kWh
097 km/h (60 mph) in 5.9 seconds

5 adults + 2 kids (optional)

battery swap in 1.5 minutes; 50% in about 20 minutes by Tesla Superchargers

85 kWh
426 km (265 mi) (EPA)
483 km (300 mi) (Tesla Motors)

60 kWh
335 km (208 mi) (EPA)
370 km (230 mi) (Tesla Motors)

Available in the United States, Canada, Europe, China and Hong Kong. As of June 2014, a total of 39,163 units have been delivered.

Venturi Ftish

200 km/h (124 mph)

0100 km/h (62 mph) in 4 seconds.

2 adults

3 hours with external charge booster, 8 hours with onboard charging system

340 km (211 mi)

2006 to present

Volkswagen e-Up!

130 km/h (81 mph)

4 adults

2.3 kW plugged into any standard 230V socket, 3.6 kW via a home-installed wall box or with up to 40 kW plugged into a DC fast-charging station

160 km (99 mi)

Relea

 

 

 

EV UNIT COST COMPARISON & OTHER DETAILS @ WIKIPEDIA

 

Model

Type
of
PEV(1)

Original MRSP(2)
/Lease per month
(current $)

Range
(EV mode
for PHEVs)

Comments

Models currently available in some markets
(20072014)

 

Buddy

BEV

144,900 kroner
(~US$24,000) to
186,850 kroner
(~US$30,500)

50 mi (80 km)(Lead-acid battery)
75 mi (121 km) (NiMH battery)

A total of 754 units have been sold in Norway between 2008 and the first quarter of 2013. Since its inception in 1991, combined sales of the Kewet and Buddy totaled about 1,500 units through October 2013, mainly in Norway.

Mitsubishi i-MiEV Peugeot iOn and Citron C-ZERO

BEV

4 million yen
(~US$43,000)
to US$29,125 (US)

100 mi (160 km)

Fleet leasing began in July 2009, and sales to the public began in Japan in April 2010, followed by Hong Kong and Australia in 2010, and several European countries, Costa Rica, Chile, Canada and the U.S. in 2011.

Chery QQ3 EV

BEV

CN40,000
(~US$6,480)
after incentives

100 km (62 mi)

Deliveries began in China in March 2010.  Sales during 2012 totaled 5,305 units, making the QQ3 EV the best selling all-electric car in China in 2012, with a market share of 44% of total electric cars sales that year. Cumulative sales since January 2012 reached 9,512 units through October 2013.

JAC J3 EV

BEV

CN158,000
(~US$25,595)

130 km (81 mi)

Launched in China in 2010. Cumulative sales reached 4,068 units through December 2012.
A third generation model, called JAC J3 iev, was launched in September 2012.

Tazzari Zero

BEV

20,300
(~US$29,200)
GB21,500
(~US$34,850)

140 km (87 mi)

Sales began in several European countries in 2010.
A total of 34 units were sold in Norway in 2011.

Nissan Leaf

BEV

US$32,780(4)
(MY 2011)

US$36,020
(MY 2012)

US$29,650
(MY 2013)

MY 2011/12
73 mi (117 km

MY 2013
75 mi (121 km)

MY 2014/15
84 mi (135 km)

About 140,000 Leafs have been sold worldwide since December 2010, making the Nissan Leaf the world's best-selling highway-capable electric car in history. The United States is the top selling market with 63,944 units sold through September 2014, followed by Japan with 45,342 units, and Europe with over 28,000 units. The European market leader is Norway with 11,020 new Leafs sold and over 14,600 units registered (includes over 3,000 used imports) as of September 2014, followed by the UK with 6,115 units sold, and France with 3,302 units.

Chevrolet Volt

PHEV

US$41,000
(MY 2011)

US$39,995
(MY 2012)

US$34,995
(MY 2014)

35 mi (56 km)

As of September 2014, the Volt and Ampera models have combined global sales of over 83,600 units. Volt sales are led by the United States with 69,092 units sold, followed by Canada with 3,725 units, and the Netherlands with 1,060 units registered. A total of 9,334 Opel/Vauxhall Amperas have been sold in Europe through August 2014, with the Netherlands as the leading market with 4,970 Amperas registered as of September 2014 followed by Germany with 1,493 Amperas sold through September 2014.

Smart electric drive

BEV

2nd generation
Leasing only
GB375/month (UK)
US$599/mo (US)
3rd generation
US$25,750 (US)

2nd generation
63 mi (101 km)
3rd generation
90 mi (140 km)[

More than 8,800 units have been sold in North America and Europe through June 2014. This figure includes over 2,300 units of the second generation models leased in 18 markets around the world between 2009 and October 2012. Of these, 1,721 units were registered in Europe through October 2012,and 527 units in the U.S. through December 2012. During 2013 a total of 4,130 units of the third generation were sold worldwide. Over 6,500 units of the third generation have been sold through June 2014. As of June 2014, combined sales of both generations reached 3,959 units in Germany, 2,542 units in the U.S. and 865 units in France.

Wheego Whip LiFe

BEV

US$32,995

100 mi (160 km)

U.S. sales began in April 2011. A total of 34 units have been sold by March 2012.

Volvo C30 DRIVe Electric

BEV

1,500/mo
(US$1,955)
Leasing only

93 mi (150 km)

A total of 209 units have been leased in Europe through October 2012. Since 2011 a total of 149 units have been delivered in Sweden through March 2013.

BYD e6

BEV

369,800 RMB
~US$32,995

190 mi (310 km)

Sales to the general public began in October, 2011, in Shenzhen, China. A total of 33 units were sold in 2010, 401 during 2011, and cumulative sales in China reached 5,059 units through June 2014.

Bollor Bluecar

BEV

19,000 (US$24,850) +
80/mo (US$105)
fee for the battery
(VAT not included)

250 km (160 mi)

Retail sales began in February 2013. Owners can access the Autolib' network of charging stations around Paris for an optional monthly fee of 15 (US$20).

A total of 3,302 units have been registered in France through July 2014, with over 2,000 units deployed for the Autolib' carsharing program. The Bollor Bluecar was the top selling highway-capable electric car in the French market in 2012.

Ford Focus Electric

BEV

US$39,995

76 mi (122 km)

U.S. Deliveries for fleet customers began in December 2011 and to retail customers in May 2012. Initially sales are limited to New York, New Jersey and California. A total of 3,965 units have been delivered in the U.S. through September 2014.

BMW ActiveE

BEV

Leasing only
US$499/month for 24 months + US$2,250 downpayment

94 mi (151 km)

Field testing in the U.S. began in January 2012, after the Mini E trial ended. Available only in Los Angeles, New York, San Diego, San Francisco, Sacramento, Boston, and select markets in Connecticut. This is a demonstration program only with no plans for a production version. The ActiveE was followed by mass-production of the BMW i3 electric car. A total of 671 units were leased in the U.S. through September 2013.

Renault Fluence Z.E.

BEV

205,000 DKK (27,496) +
a monthly fee
for the battery

100 mi (160 km)

Since 2010 a total of 3,459 units have been sold worldwide through May 2013, with 2,068 registered in Europe. In France, 725 units have been registered through June 2014. The battery leasing service is provided by Renault.

The Fluence Z.E. was the only electric car deployed within the Better Place network in Israel and Denmark. Less than 1,000 units were deployed in Israel and around 400 units in Denmark through May 2013, when the company filed for bankruptcy.

Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid

PHEV

US$32,000 (base) to
US$39,525 (advanced)

11 mi (18 km)

As of September 2014, global sales totaled 65,300 units, with the United States as the market leader with 36,680 units delivered, followed by Japan with about 19,100 units, and Europe with around 9,100 units. The leading European markets are the Netherlands with 3,955 units registered as of August 2014, followed by the UK with 1,089 units registered as of March 2014 and Sweden with 1,053 units registered as of September 2014.

Tesla Model S

BEV

US$95,400 to US$105,400
(premium)
US$57,400 to US$77,400
(base)

265 mi (426 km)
(model with
85 kWh pack)
208 mi (335 km)
(model with
60 kWh pack)

About 47,000 units have been sold worldwide as of September 2014. Sales are led by the United States with about 31,500 units delivered through September 2014, followed by Norway with 5,518 units, China with about 2,800 units, the Netherlands with 2,150 units registered as of September 2014, and Canada with 1,200 units sold through August 2014.

Honda Fit EV

BEV

Leasing only
US$389/month
for 3 years 

82 mi (132 km)

 A total of 1,007 units have been leased in the U.S. through September 2014. In July 2014 Honda announced the end of production of the Fit EV for the 2015 model, together with the Honda Insight hybrid and the Honda FCX Clarity hydrogen fuel-cell car.

The Fit EV was released through leasing to local government and corporate customers in Japan in August 2012. Availability in Japan is limited to 200 units during its first two years.

RAV4 EV second generation

BEV

US$49,800

103 mi (166 km)

Produced jointly by Toyota and Tesla Motors. Initial production will be limited to 2,600 units through 2014 and is available only in California. The battery supply deal between Toyota and Tesla is set to conclude by the end of 2014.

A total of 2,255 units have been sold in the U.S. through September 2014.

Ford C-Max Energi

PHEV

US$33,745

20 mi (32 km)

Over 16,200 units have been sold in North America through September 2014, with 16,014 units delivered in the U.S. through September 2014 and 199 units in Canada through December 2013.

Renault Zoe

BEV

20,700
(US$27,250) +
a monthly fee for the battery

210 km (130 mi)

 The cost of leasing the battery for 36 months starts from 79/month (US$104/month).

Global sales passed the 10,000 unit milestone in February 2014. As of June 2014, sales are led by France with 7,637 units, followed by Germany with 1,532 units, and the Netherlands with 632 units. Cumulative global sales reached 12,631 units through June 2014.

Volvo V60 Plug-in Hybrid

PHEV

~ 50,000
~ GB40,000

50 km (31 mi)

Over 11,000 units have sold in Europe through May 2014. As of June 2014, sales are led by the Netherlands with 8,231 units, followed by Sweden with 931 units delivered.

Honda Accord Plug-in Hybrid

PHEV

US$39,780

13 mi (21 km)

A total of 835 units have been sold in the U.S. through September 2014. The Accord PHEV was introduced in Japan in June 2013 and it is available only for leasing, primarily to corporations and government agencies. As of December 2013, the Accord PHEV ranks as the third best selling plug-in hybrid in the Japanese market.

Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV

PHEV

3,324,000 US$36,650
to 4,297,000 (US$47,380)

60 km (37 mi)

As of June 2014, about 33,000 units have been sold worldwide, led by the European market with over 17,235 units. As of August 2014, the largest country market is Japan with 16,518 units sold, followed by the Netherlands, the top European market, with 14,195 units registered, Sweden with 1,692 units, and Norway with 1,092 units by mid-September 2014. The Outlander P-HEV was the top selling plug-in electric vehicle in Europe during the first half of 2014.

Roewe E50

BEV

CN234,900 (US$37,589)

180 km (110 mi)

Available only in China, with 238 units sold in 2012 and 7 units during the first half of 2013. Deliveries began in Shanghai in January 2013.

Ford Fusion Energi

PHEV

US$39,495
(Feb 2013)

US$35,525
(Jan 2014)

20 mi (32 km)

Released in the U.S. in February 2013.

Over 15,500 units have been sold in North America through September 2014, with 15,412 units delivered in the U.S. through September 2014 and 116 units in Canada through December 2013.

Mahindra e2o

BEV

Rs 7.0 lakh
(US$12,900)
to
Rs 8.5 lakh
(US$15,670)

100 km (62 mi)

About 400 units have been sold in India, Nepal and Sri Lanka by mid November 2013.

Chevrolet Spark EV

BEV

US$27,495

82 mi (132 km)

 The Spark EV was released in South Korea in October 2013.
1,303 units have been sold in the U.S. market through July 2014.

Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG Electric Drive

BEV

416,500
(US$544,236)
in Germany

250 km (160 mi)

Limited production. Sales began in Europe in June 2013.

Fiat 500e

BEV

US$32,500

87 mi (140 km)

Launched in July 2013, the 500e is initially available only in California. About 1,490 units sold in the U.S. through July 2014.

McLaren P1

PHEV

GB866,000
(~ US$1,350,000)

19 mi (31 km)

Deliveries to retail customers started in the UK in October 2013. Production is limited to 375 units to maintain exclusivity. The entire production was sold out by mid November 2013.

Volkswagen e-Up!

BEV

26,900
(~US$34,500)

160 km (99 mi)

A total of 4,952 e-Up! cars have been sold in Europe through June 2014. The market leader is Norway, with 921 units registered through February 2014, followed by the Netherlands with 588 units sold through December 2013.

BMW i3

BEV and
PHEV option

34,950 (US$46,400)
in Germany
US$42,275 in the U.S.
plus US$3,850
for range-extender option.

130 to 160 km (80 to 100 mi)
with range extender
240 to 300 km (150 to 190 mi)

Global sales passed the 10,000 unit milestone in September 2014. Germany is the leading market, with 2,299 units registered through August 2014, followed by the U.S. with 2,082 units delivered up to August 2014, and Norway with 1,536 units registered through August 2014.

Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid

PHEV

110,409
in Germany
US$99,000
in the U.S.

32 km (20 mi)

As of December 2013, a total of 90 units had been delivered in France, 86 units in the United States, 59 in the Netherlands, 14 in Spain, and about 12 in Germany. Cumulative sales in the U.S. reached 698 units through August 2014. Global sales between January and August 2014 totaled over 1,500 units, presenting 9% of all Panamera models sold worldwide.

Kandi EV

BEV

Leasing only
US$130 to US$160
per month

120 km (75 mi)

The Kandi EV city car was deployed in 2013 in China as part of the Kandi EV CarShare, an electric car vending machine-like carsharing program in the city of Hangzhou. The car is also available for leasing of between 1 to 3 years. Sales totaled 5,239 units in the first half of 2014.

BYD Qin

PHEV

189,800 rmb
(~US$31,000)

70 km (43 mi)

Since December 2013 cumulative sales in China totaled 9,615 units through September 2014.

Cadillac ELR

PHEV

US$75,995

35 mi (56 km)

Cumulative sales in North America reached 812 units up to August 2014, with 780 units sold in the U.S. and 32 units in Canada.

BMW Brilliance Zinoro 1E

BEV

Leasing only
7,400 RMB
per month
(~US$1,200)

150 km (93 mi)

Only available for leasing in Beijing and Shanghai.

Kia Soul EV

BEV

42 million won
( ~US$39,400)
in South Korea
US$33,700
in the U.S.

93 mi (150 km)

Sales in South Korea totaled 218 units through June 2014.

BMW i8

PHEV

US$135,925
(~ 103,000
GB86,800)

37 km (23 mi)(NEDC)
15 mi (24 km) (EPA)

A total of 60 units were delivered in Europe up to June 2014. As of August 2014, registrations in the German market totaled 160 units.

Porsche 918 Spyder

PHEV

US$845,000

12 mi (19 km)

A total of 4 units have been delivered in the U.S. through July 2014; 3 in the Netherlands up to June 2014; and 2 in Sweden through July 2014.

Volkswagen XL1

PHEV

111,000
(~US$146,000)

50 km (31 mi)

VW expects its diesel-powered PHEV to achieved 0.9 l/100 km (260 mpg-US), becoming the most fuel-efficient car in the world.

Volkswagen e-Golf

BEV

34,900
(~US$47,800)
in Europe
US$35,445
in the U.S.

130 to 190 km (81 to 118 mi)

Retail deliveries began in Europe in May 2014. U.S sales are slated to start on selected markets in November 2014. A total of 1,358 Volkswagen e-Golf cars have been sold in Europe through August 2014, of which, 925 units were sold in Norway.

Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric Drive

BEV

US$41,450

87 mi (140 km)

Deliveries began in the U.S. in July 2014. A total of 92 units have been sold in the U.S. through August 2014.

Audi A3 Sportback e-tron

PHEV

37,000
US$49,000

50 km (31 mi)

Sales across Europe began in August 2014. Retail sales in the U.S. are scheduled to begin in early 2015. The first units were registered in Germany in August 2014. A total of 250 units have been registered in Germany as of September 2014.

Volkswagen Golf GTE

PHEV

36,900
(~US$48,390)

50 km (31 mi)

Market launch in Europe was scheduled for the fourth quarter of 2014. The first units were registered in Germany in August 2014. A total of 89 units have been registered in Germany as of September 2014.

Mercedes-Benz S 500 Plug-in Hybrid

PHEV

108,945
(~US$146,000)

30 km (19 mi)

Deliveries were scheduled to begin in Europe in September 2014 and early 2015 in the U.S. A total of 17 units have been registered in Germany as of September 2014.

Venucia e30

BEV

CN267,800
(~ US$43,705)

160 km (99 mi)

The Venucia e30 is the Chinese manufactured version of the Nissan Leaf, and as such, shares many features of the Leaf, including bodywork, dimensions, and electric-drive specifications. Dongfeng Nissan started pilot projects in Guangzhou, Xiangyang and Dalian in 2013, with a total of 300 rebadged Leafs deployed since local production of the Venucia e30 had not began at the time.

Notes: PHEV: Plug-in hybrid vehicle, BEV: Battery electric vehicle or electric car. (1) Plug-in conversions are not included. (2) Sales price does not reflect any government incentives or tax credits, except where noted. Prices are shown for comparison purposes only. Actual price may vary by country and by dealership.(3) U.S. price (4) US$32,780 is U.S. price, 3.76 million (US$40,500) in Japan, 32,839 (US$40,800) in the Netherlands and 34,955 (US$43,400) in Portugal, all before any government incentive and exchange rate as of May 18, 2010.

 

 

 

Gumball Rally EV rulebook, The Cannonball Run

 

The international cannonball run series rules

 

 

LINKS

 

Wikipedia List_of_electric_cars_currently_available

Wikipedia List_of_modern_production_plug-in_electric_vehicles

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_electric_cars_currently_available

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_modern_production_plug-in_electric_vehicles

 

 

 

TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY

 

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